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:: Volume 7, Issue 2 (Vol.7, No. 2, Summer 2021) ::
mr 2021, 7(2): 279-290 Back to browse issues page
The entropy approach to adjusting the life table, case study: Iran's life table
Rezvan Rezaei1, Gholamhossein Yari 2
1- Iran University of Science and Technology
2- Iran University of Science and Technology , yari@iust.ac.ir;rezvan.rezaee@gmail.com
Abstract:   (154 Views)
Survival analysis, and in particular survival distribution estimation, are important issues in the statistical sciences. Various parametric and nonparametric methods have been proposed to estimate the survival distribution. In this respect, the theoretical survival distributions are specified and their parameters are obtained by methods such as the maximum likelihood estimator and the Bayesian estimator and we can mention to nonparametric methods such as the Kaplan-Meier method, Cox regression and the life table. In addition, another important issue in survival analysis, especially in actuarial and biostatistics, is graduation of data for which smoothness and goodness of fit are two fundamental requirements.On the other hand, in the probability theory, there are two basic approaches to estimate probability distributions by using the concept of entropy: Maximum Entropy Principle (ME) and Minimum Kullback-Leibler Principle (MKL) or Minimum Cross Entropy Principle.
In this paper, we examine the approach of the above two optimization models to estimate survival and probability distributions, especially for the classification of the data. In these studies, in addition to investigating parametric models, in order to achieve a compromise between the conditions of smoothness and goodness of fit, we apply a new entropy optimization model by defining an objective function combined from both of the two above principles and adjusting a coefficient that is used to ensure the degree of goodness of fitting and smoothing the estimates, as well as to show their priority in the classification of the data. We use this model to estimate the mortality probability distribution, particularly the column related to the mortality probability of a certain age ( qx) in life table. Finally, with the help of this method, we set the life table for Iranian women and men in 2011../files/site1/files/72/8Abstract.pdf
 
Keywords: Survival analysis, Information theory, Principle of maximum entropy, Principle of minimum Kullback-Liebler, Life table.
Full-Text [PDF 780 kb]   (37 Downloads)    
Type of Study: S | Subject: stat
Received: 2019/05/15 | Accepted: 2019/11/4 | Published: 2021/09/1 | ePublished: 2021/09/1
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Rezaei R, Yari G. The entropy approach to adjusting the life table, case study: Iran's life table. mr. 2021; 7 (2) :279-290
URL: http://mmr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-2944-en.html


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Volume 7, Issue 2 (Vol.7, No. 2, Summer 2021) Back to browse issues page
پژوهش‌های ریاضی Mathematical Researches
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