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 Volume 8, Issue 2 (Vol. 8,No. 2, 2022)
 2022, 8(2): 49-64 Back to browse issues page
Optimization of Random Sample Size in Progressively Type II Censoring based on Cost Criterion
Elham Basiri
Kosar University of Bojnord , elham_basiri2000@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (417 Views)
Introduction
‎‎Censored sample arises in a life-testing experiment whenever the experimenter does not observe the failure times of all units placed on a life-test. In medical or industrial studies, researchers have to treat the censored data because they usually do not have sufficient time to observe the lifetime of all subjects in the study. There are different types of censoring. The most common censoring schemes are type I and type  II censoring schemes. Progressively type II censoring is also one of the most important methods of censoring.
One of the most common questions any statistician gets asked is "How large a sample size do I need?". Researchers are often surprised to find out that the answer depends on a number offactors and they have to give the statistician some information before they can get an answer. So far different answers have been given to respond this question by considering different criteria.
Cost criterion is one of the criteria that has always been of interest to researchers. So far, many researchers have used this criterion for determining the size of samples in different censoring methods.
In some applications, such as clinical trials and quality control, it is almost impossible to have a fixed sample size all the time because some observations may be missing for various reasons. In other words, the sample size is a random variable.
Material and methods
In this paper, a cost function is introduced. Then, assuming that the sample size of progressively type II censoring is a random variable from the truncated binomial distribution, the optimal parameter of sample size distribution in progressively type II censoring, is determined. This optimal parameter is determined so that the introduced cost function does not exceed a pre-determined value, say . In this article, the exponential distribution is considered for lifetimes of observations. A simulation study is also provided to evaluate the obtained results. Finally, the conclusion of the article is presented.
Results and discussion
We have computed the values of the expected cost function by considering three different censoring schemes‎. ‎The results show that the expected cost function is an increasing function of m but a decreasing function of θ, ‎when other components are fixed‎, ‎as we expected‎.  Also, we can find that considering type II censoring leads to better results than other censoring schemes‎. On the other hand, we can conclude that type II censoring provides the minimum cost among two other censoring schemes. In the sequel, by assuming an upper bound for the cost function, say , the optimal parameter of sample size distribution is obtained.
Conclusion
Determining the optimal sample size is one of the issues that has been studied by many researchers. In some cases, it is not possible for the sample size to be a fixed and pre-determined value. In other words, the sample size is a random variable. In this paper, assuming that the sample size of progressively type II censoring is a random variable from the truncated binomial distribution, the optimal parameter of the sample size distribution is determined. The criterion used in this research is the cost criterion. Next, the optimal parameter of the sample size distribution is determined so that the value of the cost function is less than the specified and predetermined value, say . The results of the paper show that the type II censoring provides less values for the cost function. For all three censorsing schemes, the cost function is an increasing function of m but a decreasing function of θ, when other components are fixed, as we expected. As a result, the best case scenario is taking into account the type II censoring scheme, selecting smaller values for m, larger values ​​for θ, and smaller values for the parameter of sample size distribution.
Keywords: Random Sample Size, Optimaization, Cost Function
Full-Text [PDF 1709 kb]   (88 Downloads)
Type of Study: S | Subject: Stat
Received: 2020/05/3 | Revised: 2022/11/16 | Accepted: 2020/08/26 | Published: 2022/05/21 | ePublished: 2022/05/21
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Basiri E. Optimization of Random Sample Size in Progressively Type II Censoring based on Cost Criterion. Journal title 2022; 8 (2) :49-64
URL: http://mmr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3086-en.html

 Rights and permissions This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
 Rights and permissions This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.