Volume 6, Issue 4 (Vol. 6, No. 4, 2020)                   mmr 2020, 6(4): 587-600 | Back to browse issues page

1- Alzahra University
2- Alzahra University , ordokhani@alzahra.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1616 Views)
Introduction
Fractional calculus has been used to model physical and chemical processes that are found to be best described by fractional differential equations. Recently, fractional calculus has attracted much attention since it plays an important role in many fields of science and engineering. Fractional delay differential equations (FDDEs) are a class of  fractional differential equations that  the rate of change of unknown function depends not only on the values of unknown function for the same time value but also on previous time values. The solution of delay differential equations not only requires information of current state, but also requires some information about the previous state. FDDEs have received considerable recent attention and been proven to model many real life problems. For most of fractional order delay differential equations, exact solutions are not known. Therefore different numerical methods have been developed and applied for providing approximate solutions. The objective of this paper is to define the new fractional-order piecewise functions based on the Taylor  polynomials for solving the FDDEs. This method is accurate and easy to implement in solving FDDEs.
Material and methods
In this paper, first we construct piecewise functions based on the fractional-order Taylor functions. Then, we calculate the  fractional integral operational matrix for the fractional Taylor piecewise functions. This matrix and collocation method  are utilized to reduce FDDEs to a system of algebraic equations which can be solved via a suitable numerical method.
Results and discussion
We apply mentioned paper for solving some test problems to highlight the significant features of our technique. Also, we compare our numerical results with multiquadric approximation scheme. The reported results demonstrate that there is a good agreement between approximate solution and exact solution. We plot the numerical solutions obtained by the presented method for various values of α with the exact solution.  It is obvious from these Figures  that, as α is close to integer value, numerical solutions converge to the exact solution.
Conclusion
The following conclusions were drawn from this paper.
Fractional-order Taylor piecewise functions  have three degrees of freedom (m, n, α)  but Taylor polynomials have one degree of freedom (m).
• Instead of converting fractional-order Taylor piecewise functions  into other functions, we have obtained the  fractional-order Taylor piecewise functions operational matrix directly.
• The main characteristic of this method is that it reduces under study problem to a system of algebraic equations which can be easily solved by an iterative method../files/site1/files/64/9.pdf